Composition of the oily compounds, phytochemical screening and biological activity of different aerial parts of Smirnovia turkestana Bunge

نویسندگانمریم اخباری-مهدی یعقوبی-سپیده حامدی
نشریهNatural product research
تاریخ انتشار۲۰۱۷-۹-۰۱
نمایه نشریهISI ,ISC
چکیده مقالهIn the present study, chemical composition of the oily compounds isolated from different parts of Smirnovia turkestana (Kashan, central Iran) using n-hexane was determined for the first time. GC-MS analysis revealed that dodecanoic acid, trans-β-ionone and methyl palmitate are the major components of leaves extract. Trans-β-ionone and hexadodecanoic acid were also, identified as the major compounds of flowers extract. Heptacosane, trans-β-ionone and vitamin E acetate were the main components of fruits. Phytochemical screening of the methanol extract proved the presence of alkaloids, anthraquinones, flavonoids and anthocyanin in the leaves, flowers and fruits of S. turkestana, while tannins were present only in its fruits. Evaluation of the biological activities showed that different aerial parts of S. turkestana have high antioxidant activities; antimicrobial activities were also considerable against some selected bacteria.