Theoretical and numerical modeling of tool–chip friction in ultrasonic-assisted turning

AuthorsM Lotfi, S Amini, H Ashrafi
Presented byبلی
Page number824-838
Volume number233
Paper TypeOriginal Research
Published At2019
Journal GradeISI
Journal TypeElectronic
Journal CountryUnited States


Decrease of friction in tool–chip contact zone is a key subject in metal cutting operation. Therefore, effect of ultrasonic vibration in this area is analyzed by using experimental and simulation methods. In this study, a theoretical model is firstly developed based on the shear friction model, and then sticking–sliding contact zones plus their contact lengths are defined in order to simulate conventional and ultrasonic-assisted turning. Accordingly, shear angle, sticky length, and cutting forces were measured in experiments as input parameters for the calculation of friction coefficients. As a result, intermittent contact of vibrated tool decreases the time of thermal conduction in tool–chip interface, resulting in a significant reduction in friction coefficient and contact length, particularly, in sticky region.

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