|Authors||M Lotfi, S Amini, H Ashrafi|
|Journal||P I MECH ENG E-J PRO|
|Paper Type||Original Research|
|Journal Country||United States|
Decrease of friction in tool–chip contact zone is a key subject in metal cutting operation. Therefore, effect of ultrasonic vibration in this area is analyzed by using experimental and simulation methods. In this study, a theoretical model is firstly developed based on the shear friction model, and then sticking–sliding contact zones plus their contact lengths are defined in order to simulate conventional and ultrasonic-assisted turning. Accordingly, shear angle, sticky length, and cutting forces were measured in experiments as input parameters for the calculation of friction coefficients. As a result, intermittent contact of vibrated tool decreases the time of thermal conduction in tool–chip interface, resulting in a significant reduction in friction coefficient and contact length, particularly, in sticky region.