Thermal Conductivity Enhancement of Phase Change Materials (PCM) by Adding Nanostructures for Thermal Energy Storage: A REVIEW

نویسندگانقنبر علی شیخ زاده,خدیجه کاظمی
همایش2nd International Conference on Nanotechnology (ICN 2014)
تاریخ برگزاری همایش۲۰۱۴-۷-۹
محل برگزاری همایشاستانبول
نوع ارائهسخنرانی
سطح همایشبین المللی

چکیده مقاله

A review of studies focused on enhancing the thermal conductivity of phase change materials (PCM) for thermal energy storage upon introduction of nanostructures is presented. These emerging materials have only been studied since 2005 and represent a clear departure from previous/existing practices of utilizing fixed, stationary high-conductivity inserts/structures into PCM. Carbon-based nanostructures (nanofibers, nanoplatelets and graphene flakes), carbon nanotubes, both metallic (Ag, Al, C/Cu and Cu) and metal oxide (Al2O3, CuO, MgO and TiO2) nanoparticles and silver nanowires have been explored as the materials of the thermal conductivity promoters. Emphasis of the work so far has been placed on the dependence of the enhanced thermal conductivity on mass fraction of the nanostructures and temperature for both liquid and solid phases. In general, carbonbased nanostructures and carbon nanotubes exhibit far greater enhancement of thermal conductivity in comparison to metallic/metal oxide nanoparticles due to the high aspect-ratio of these nanofillers.