Resolving of challenging gas chromatography–mass spectrometry peak clusters in fragrance samples using multicomponent factorization approaches based on polygon inflation algorithm

نویسندگانSalehe Ghaheri, Saeed Masoum, Ali Gholami
نشریهJournal of Chromatography A
نوع مقالهFull Paper
تاریخ انتشار۲۰۱۵-۱۲-۰۲
رتبه نشریهISI
نوع نشریهچاپی
کشور محل چاپهلند

چکیده مقاله

Analysis of fragrance composition is very important for both the fragrance producers and consumers. Unraveling of fragrance formulation is necessary for quality control, competitor and trace analysis. Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) has been introduced as the most appropriate analytical technique for this type ofanalysis, which is based on Kovats index and MS database. The most straightforward method to analyze a GC–MS dataset is to integrate those peaks that can be recognized by their mass profiles. But, because of common problems of chromatographic data such as spectral background, baseline offset and specially overlapped peaks, accurate quantitative and qualitative analysis could be failed. Some chemometric modeling techniques such as bilinear multivariate curve resolution (MCR) methods have been introduced to overcome these problems and obtained well resolved chromatographic profiles. The main drawback of these methods is rotational ambiguity or nonunique solution that is represented as area of feasible solutions (AFS). Polygonal inflation algorithm (PIA) is an automatic and simple to use algorithm for numerical computation of AFS. In this study, the extent of rotational ambiguity in curve resolution methods is calculated by MCR-BAND toolbox and the PIA. The ability of the PIA in resolving GC–MS data sets is evaluated by simulated GC–MS data in comparison with other popular curve resolution methods such as multivariate curve resolution alternative least square (MCR-ALS), multivariate curve resolution objective function minimization (MCR-FMIN) by different initial estimation methods and independent component analysis (ICA). In addition, two typical challenging area oftotal ion chromatogram (TIC) ofcommercial fragrances with overlapped peaks were analyzed by the PIA to investigate the possibility of peak deconvolution analysis.