Aqueous spray pyrolysis of CuInSe2 thin films: Study of different indium salts in precursor solution on physical and electrical properties of sprayed thin films

نویسندگانمریم هاشمی,سیدمحمدباقر قریشی,فریبا تاج ابادی,نیما تقوی نیا
شماره صفحات1
شماره مجلد126
ضریب تاثیر (IF)ثبت نشده
نوع مقالهFull Paper
تاریخ انتشار2021-01-15
رتبه نشریهعلمی - پژوهشی
نوع نشریهالکترونیکی
کشور محل چاپایران
نمایه نشریهJCR

چکیده مقاله

Herein, we deposited CuInSe2(CISe) thin films by using aqueous spray deposition method and post selenization process. The effect of different indium precursor salts including indium chloride, indium nitrate and indium acetate on the structural, morphological, optical and electrical properties of sprayed CISe layers has been studied by using x-ray diffraction (XRD), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM-EDS), optical transmission (UV–Vis), Mott-Schottky analysis, I–V dark measurements. Although all the deposited thin films show a chalcopyrite tetragonal ordering structure of CISe, the crystallinity, morphology, and electrical characteristics are strongly influenced by the type of indium salt. A highly compact film with large grains (500–1000 nm) can be obtained after selenization of deposited film from indium chloride precursor while indium nitrate precursor results in low grains size and indium acetate precursor leads to rough surfaces with very small grain size. According to Mott-Schottky results, all films are p-type with carrier concentration in the range of ~1017 cm−3 to ~1019 cm−3 and the smallest value of 2.8 × 1017 cm−3 is obtained for CISe film deposited from indium nitrate precursor. The XRD and J-V dark results revealed that the CISe films deposited from indium chloride precursor demonstrates better crystallinity and higher mobility relative to other precursors.

tags: CuInSe2 Indium precursors ,Molecular-ink,Semiconductors,Crystal growth, Spray pyrolysis