|نویسندگان||سید عباس طاهر-حامد محمودی -حجت آقاعموئی آرانی|
|نمایه نشریه||ISI ,SCOPUS|
چکیده مقالهAbstract This study presented a modified imperialist competitive algorithm (MICA) for optimal placement of phasor measurement units (PMUs) in normal and contingency conditions of power systems. The optimal PMU placement problem is used for full network observability with the min- imum number of PMUs. For this purpose, PMUs are installed in strategic buses. Efficiency of the proposed method is shown by the simulation results of IEEE 14, 30, 57, and 118-bus test systems. Results of the numerical simulation on IEEE-test systems indicated that the proposed technique provided maximum redundancy measurement and minimum request of PMUs so that the whole system could be topologically observable by installing PMUs on the minimum system buses. To ver- ify the proposed method, the results are compared with those of some recently reported methods. When MICA is used for solving optimal PMU placement (OPP), the number of PMUs would be usually equal to or less than those of the other existing methods. Results indicated that MICA is a very fast and accurate algorithm for OPP solution.